Measuring Graduation - A Guidance Note
This guidance note on how to measure and communicate graduation rates is targeted at programme colleagues responsible for designing, implementing and monitoring graduation programmes.
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Smallholder farming systems in the tropics and sub-tropics need to adapt to the consequences of climate change.
Most farming systems have traditionally evolved and adapted to a changing climate by shifting to different crops, agricultural production systems, etc. However, the rapid climate shifts expected to happen over the next years as a result of climate change require immediate agricultural adaptation actions to be put in place. One of these actions relates to having crop temperature and water requirement profiles. This can help reduce the exposure of smallholder farmers to weather and climate-related shocks. This guide provides a set of diagrams on temperature needs, and water requirements for a range of common tropical smallholder crops through their respective developmental stages.