A review of community-centred early warning early action systems
Not all emergencies happen quickly. Some food crises, like those related to drought or conflict for example, take hold over time.
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The aim of this paper is to document Concern Worldwide’s extensive experience over sixteen years of WASH programing in this unique context.
North Korea is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a chronic deficit in development indicators, which are visible through aging infrastructure and limited resources for water, health, food, and fuel. The strengths of the context include the opportunity to work closely with local authorities, and the significant contribution of beneficiaries through their labour.
The challenges faced include a lack of direct access to beneficiaries and a national focus on hardware heavy projects. While programmes to date have been largely focused on hardware, there is now an opportunity to increase impact through a more holistic approach to programming. Recommendations focus on prioritising activities based on health impact, ensuring sustainability through operations, maintenance and financing, and innovation in sanitation.