Cash assistance is delivered through cash transfers or the provision of a voucher. The term ‘cash transfer’ means assistance in the form of money - either physical currency or electronic cash - to individuals, households or communities. Vouchers are provided in paper, token or electronic form. They can be either cash vouchers, which have a cash value (e.g. £15) and can be redeemed for goods up to that value, or commodity vouchers, which can be redeemed for a specific quantity of certain goods and services, (e.g. 5kg of maize). Or, they can be a combination of the two.
There are different ways of delivering cash transfers and vouchers, such as smart cards, mobile money transfer, cash in hand, bank transfers, electronic vouchers and paper vouchers.