With 5.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) currently hosts the second largest number of internally displaced persons in the world (HRP2021). In addition, 27.3M people are affected by acute food insecurity in the DRC, making it the worse food security crisis in the world ever recorded (IPC analysis 2021).
The Covid-19 pandemic affected the economy, exacerbating the structural problems that already exist with a large majority of the population living in extreme poverty and lacking access to basic health and social services.
The global acute malnutrition rate increased to 6.5% in 2021 with 4.4M people suffering from acute malnutrition including 3.4M children under five. This high malnutrition rate is linked to food insecurity and recurrent epidemics and aggravated by displacements, lack of water and hygiene infrastructure and poor access to health and nutrition services.
Access to WASH services remains limited, only 31% of the population has access to improved water sources. 56% of the population uses unimproved toilets and 12% do not have access to basic sanitation facilities.
The Covid-19 pandemic, the prevalence of Cholera and potential Ebola outbreaks contribute to the complexity of the humanitarian situation in DRC. Finally, the Nyiragongo volcanic eruption on 22 May 2021 and subsequent earthquakes destroyed houses and displaced more than 200,000 people in Goma.