The increase in internally-displaced Burkinabés has impacted neighbouring areas. Some host communities have nearly doubled in population as they accommodate their compatriots driven from home by conflict. Most of those who have been forced to flee lost their incomes in the process, abandoning farms and livestock. Displacements have an especially harsh effect on women, children, the elderly, people living with disabilities, and other marginalised groups. Women and children represent 80% of those internally displaced in Burkina Faso, and they are especially vulnerable to violence at this time.
Host communities also feel the impacts of these population increases, which could be temporary or, depending on the nature of this conflict in the long run, more protracted. Currently, local infrastructure is struggling to keep up with demands for healthcare, clean water, and adequate sanitation services. In some instances, conflict has caused host community health centres to shut down due to a lack of resources, which is especially challenging during a global pandemic.